Case Studies in Thermal Engineering
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are rapidly emerging as efficient solar cells due to the efficient photovoltaic and physiochemical properties. Ideally, the absorber layer in PSCs is sandwiched between highly conductive electron transport layer (ETL) and highly stable hole transport layer (HTL). The interfaces between these layers highly affect the performance of PSCs. In this study Magnesium (Mg) doped TiO2 based ETL is systematically investigated to enhance the optical and morphological properties of the layer and the interface. It was observed that with Mg doping in mesoporous TiO2, morphology of TiO2 based ETL film was significantly improved thereby providing an interface for the growth of absorber layer. Optoelectronic studies suggested that band gap was effectively reduced with the addition of Mg and absorption range was also enhanced. Electrical analysis yielded, Mg doped TiO2 based ETL showed enhanced conduction and better sheet carrier mobility as compared to undoped films. Thermal studies indicate fabrication of a thermally stable ETL material for PSCs. Moreover, Current density-Voltage (J-V) measurements indicated more than two-fold increase in photovoltaic efficiency of 3 wt% Mg.