Cooperative Communications for Improving the Performance of Bidirectional Full-Duplex System with Multiple Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces


Nguyen B.C., Hoang T.M., Tran P.T., Nguyen T.N., Phan V.-D., Minh B.V., Voznak M.

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IEEE Access

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In this paper, we exploit the benefits of full-duplex (FD) transmission and reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) by considering a bidirectional full-duplex wireless communication system with the support of RISs. Specifically, cooperative communications are applied at two FD terminals in a RISs-assisted bidirectional full-duplex (RIS-FD) system. In this context, we successfully derive the mathematical expressions of the outage probability (OP) and the ergodic capacity (EC) of the RIS-FD system with a direct link between two terminals and multiple reflecting paths created by RISs over the Rayleigh fading channel. Numerical results show that the performance of the considered RIS-FD system depends significantly on the total number of reflecting elements in the RISs. Particularly, when the total number of reflecting elements is small, the OP and EC saturate at a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). However, when the total number of reflecting elements is large enough, OP decreases greatly while EC enhances significantly. In addition, the effect of residual self-interference (SI) caused by FD transmission on OP and EC is remarkable, even the residual SI level is very small. On the other hand, the influence of other system parameters such as the number of RISs ( N ) and the number of reflecting elements ( L ) are also investigated to fully consider the performance of the RIS-FD system. An important observation is that when current techniques cannot completely eliminate SI in FD transmission, the use of multiple RISs with larger L can indirectly reduce the impact of SI and significantly improve the performance of the proposed RIS-FD system. Finally, the obtained expressions are validated via Monte-Carlo simulations.