Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science
Spiral waves are particular spatiotemporal patterns connected to specific phase singularities representing topological wave dislocations or nodes of zero amplitude, witnessed in a wide range of complex systems such as neuronal networks. The appearance of these waves is linked to the network structure as well as the diffusion dynamics of its blocks. We report a novel form of the Hindmarsh–Rose neuron model utilized as a square neuronal network, showing the remarkable multistructure of dynamical patterns ranging from characteristic spiral wave domains of spatiotemporal phase coherence to regions of hyperchaos. The proposed model comprises a hyperbolic memductance function as the monotone differentiable magnetic flux. Hindmarsh–Rose neurons with an external electromagnetic excitation are considered in three different cases: no excitation, periodic excitation, and quasiperiodic excitation. We performed an extensive study of the neuronal dynamics including calculation of equilibrium points, bifurcation analysis, and Lyapunov spectrum. We have found the property of antimonotonicity in bifurcation scenarios with no excitation or periodic excitation and identified wide regions of hyperchaos in the case of quasiperiodic excitation. Furthermore, the formation and elimination of the spiral waves in each case of external excitation with respect to stimuli parameters are investigated. We have identified novel forms of Hindmarsh–Rose bursting dynamics. Our findings reveal multipartite spiral wave formations and symmetry breaking spatiotemporal dynamics of the neuronal model that may find broad practical applications.