On Secure QoS-based NOMA Networks with Multiple Antennas and Eavesdroppers over Nakagami-m Fading


Nguyen Kieu T., Tran D.-D., Ha D.-B., Voznak M.

Source title

IETE Journal of Research

Publication year

In this paper, we study the physical layer security of a downlink multi-input single-output non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system, in which transmit antenna selection (TAS) scheme, users’ quality of service (QoS) requirements, Nakagami-m fading channel, and user selection solution are considered for secure NOMA transmission. Specifically, we investigate the scenario that a base station (BS) (source) communicates with two legitimate user (LU) clusters with different priority depending on their QoS requirements in the presence of multiple passive eavesdroppers over Nakagami-m fading. To enhance the secrecy performance, we examine a TAS scheme and a user selection method. In this context, prior to transmission, a transmit antenna and a user in high-priority LU cluster are jointly selected to maximize the channel quality of the link from the BS to the selected user. Furthermore, together with the selected high-priority user, a user in low-priority LU cluster, which has the best channel condition, is chosen for performing two-user NOMA. In order to evaluate the secrecy performance, tight and asymptotic closed-form expressions of secrecy outage probability for selected LUs and overall system are derived. Our theoretical results confirmed by Monte–Carlo simulation show that in QoS-based NOMA system, high-priority users cause the higher effects on the overall secrecy performance in comparison with low-priority users. Finally, these results also indicate that our proposed communication protocol achieves the secrecy performance greater than conventional protocol.